BeatBots!

Update: Video Link! https://goo.gl/photos/qU17V29jDkocHKya6

Description:

Our instrument is a group of five robots that each have their own percussive abilities. They are 1.) a four armed tap-bot that has four servos that tap tap tap on things, 2.) a two-armed spinning bot that hits things with it’s metal hands to make noise, 3.) a rolling pinecone that makes a rumbling noise on it’s surface, 4.) a shepard with a tap-tapping staff, and 5.) a scraper-bot that uses a bristly brush to scrape things and make noise.

We mounted 4/5 of them on a turning lazy susan, with the intention of making customization possible by changing the things on which the robots are tapping. (We could rotate the lazy susan to change what object each robot was tapping on.)

Our robots are controlled by a control board with 5 pots. They control: 1.) the tempo of the music that our bots make, 2.) the pattern with which the pine cone rolls, 3.) the pattern with which the scraper scrapes, 4.) the pattern with which the shepard taps, and 5.) the speed with which the spinny bot spins.

Challenges included: 1.) Getting the robots to tap with similar patterns // with some semblance of coherent synchrony, 2.) getting the different settings of the pots to have noticeably different sounds.

Materials Used:
– 2 Arduinos
– 4 Micro-servos
– 3 normal servos
– 3D printed plastic
– lots! of jumper wires
– machine screws / nuts
– beer bottle
– 3 soda cans
– pine cone
– chopsticks
– 5 pots
– laser cut control board, pinecone eyes, lazy susan parts
– construction paper
– foam ball
– clay
– DC motor
– metal wire
– metal bolts/nuts from Dan’s bed
– wire brush
– metal marbles
– chipotle tin
– cardboard scrapey surface w/ packaging material
– diode
– resistors
– breadboard
– 3 battery packs
– rubber bands

Code:

#include <Servo.h> 

Servo myservoR;
Servo myservoRp;
Servo myservoL;
Servo myservoLp;
Servo servoLeah;
Servo servoAndrew;
Servo servoJake;
 
int deltaPot = 0;

int leahPot = 1; 
int leahBeat = 0;

int andrewPot = 2; 
int andrewBeat = 0;
 
int danielPot = 3;
int danielBeat = 0;

int jakePot = 4;
int jakeBeat = 0;

int pos = 0; // variable to store servo position 

void setup() 
{ 
 Serial.begin(9600); // setup serial
 myservoR.attach(4); //Rightmost arm from point of view of the crab
 myservoRp.attach(5); //Right-sub-prime (right arm of the left crab)
 myservoL.attach(6); //Leftmost arm from point of view of the crab
 myservoLp.attach(7);// "Left-sub-prime" (left arm of the right crab)
 servoLeah.attach(8);
 servoAndrew.attach(9);
 servoJake.attach(10);
}
 
void loop() {

 int delta = potCipher(analogRead(deltaPot))*2; //speed of the hammering
 Serial.print("delta: ");
 Serial.println(delta);

 servoAndrew.write(80); //ARMS UP!!!
 servoJake.write(80);
 servoLeah.write(80); 
 myservoR.write(80); 
 myservoL.write(100); 
 myservoLp.write(100);
 myservoRp.write(80);

 delay(1000);
 //PLAY! 
 andrewBeat = potCipher(analogRead(andrewPot));
 Serial.print("andrewBeat: ");
 Serial.println(andrewBeat);

 danielBeat = potCipher(analogRead(danielPot));
 Serial.print("danielBeat: ");
 Serial.println(danielBeat);
 
 jakeBeat = potCipher(analogRead(jakePot));
 Serial.print("jakeBeat: ");
 Serial.println(jakeBeat);

 leahBeat = potCipher(analogRead(leahPot));
 Serial.print("leahBeat: ");
 Serial.println(leahBeat);
 
 for (int i=0; i <= 400; i++){
 servoAndrew.write(getArmLoc(pos, andrewBeat)); 
 servoLeah.write(getArmLoc(pos, leahBeat)); 
 servoJake.write(getArmLoc(pos, jakeBeat));
 myservoR.write(abs(abs(80-pos)-80)); //This series SHOULD do 16th-notes, approximately... but it sounds a bit off, so my math might be wrong
 myservoL.write(abs(abs(80-(abs(pos-60)))+100)); 
 myservoLp.write(abs(abs(80-(abs(pos-80)))+100));
 myservoRp.write(abs(abs(40-pos)-80)); 
 pos += delta;

 if (pos >= 160) pos=0;
 delay(35);
 }
 delay(0);

}

int getArmLoc(int pos, int beatType) {
 if (beatType == 1) {
 return abs(abs(80-pos)-80);
 }
 else if (beatType == 2) {
 return abs(abs(40-pos)-80);
 }
 else if (beatType == 3) {
 return abs(abs(80-(abs(pos-60)))+100);
 }
 else if (beatType == 4) {
 return abs(abs(80-(abs(pos-80)))+100);
 }
}

// returns a potSection value based on the position of the pot
int potCipher(int potVal) {
 int potSection;
 if (potVal >= 0 && potVal <= 205) {
 potSection = 0; 
 }
 else if (potVal >= 206 && potVal <= 410) {
 potSection = 1;
 }
 else if (potVal >= 411 && potVal <= 615) {
 potSection = 2;
 }
 else if (potVal >= 615 && potVal <= 820) {
 potSection = 3;
 }
 else {
 potSection = 4;
 }
 return potSection;
}

Spookoo Clock

Video:  https://youtu.be/ukvsB9rwcKE

 

Our group’s ideas ranged far and wide for this one, but after considerable debate we realized we wanted to create a project with at least the following characteristics:

  1. Halloween themed, with a
  2. Nontraditional door, and which
  3. Respects the cuckoo-clock MO

With these parameters in mind our project became clear to all of us all at once: an egg that hatches a skeleton cuckoo bird through an egg shell door.

We started with a cardboard model, which we then measured and recreated in Fusion 360. For our hinge and door mechanism we decided to employ a “living hinge” design that we laser cut from plywood. We actuated the door with a gear and crank glued to the inside of the box, and added a second gear to drive a rack at the base of our bird design. As the gears turn the bird is propelled upwards and the lid opens.

We had some ideas about how to give the bird some personality, too, by having it “peep” when it reached the top of its stroke. We were able to do this on a timer, and had plans to incorporate a microphone so that a loud noise would startle the bird out of its shell. While we did include the mic in our schematic, a little more work is needed on the code to get that particular functionality set up.

Materials:

Plywood, 1/8″

Small servo motor

Wires

Arduino Uno

Wood glue

Machine screws

SparkFun Mic

Breadboard

Piezo Speaker

 

Code:

/* Sweep
by BARRAGAN <http://barraganstudio.com>
This example code is in the public domain.

modified 8 Nov 2013
by Scott Fitzgerald
http://www.arduino.cc/en/Tutorial/Sweep
*/

#include <Servo.h>

Servo myservo; // create servo object to control a servo
// twelve servo objects can be created on most boards

int pos = 0; // variable to store the servo position
const int sampleWindow = 250; //250 MS sample width
unsigned int loudNoise;
int speakerPin = 7;
int val = 0;
int orig = 0;
int potPin = 0;
void setup()
{
pinMode(speakerPin, OUTPUT);
Serial.begin(9600);
Serial.println(“ready”);
myservo.attach(9); // attaches the servo on pin 9 to the servo object
}

void loop() {
unsigned long start= millis(); // start of sample window
unsigned int peakToPeak = 0; // peak-to-peak level
unsigned int signalMax = 0;
unsigned int signalMin = 1024;
Serial.print(“loudNoise”);
Serial.print(loudNoise);
Serial.println();

while (millis() – start < sampleWindow) // collecting data for 250 MS (can be changed)
{
loudNoise = analogRead(0);
if (loudNoise < 1024) //
{
if (loudNoise > signalMax) // if there’s a loud noise, save the loud value
{
signalMax = loudNoise;
}
else if (loudNoise < signalMin) // if there’s not a loud noise, don’t save the loud value
{
signalMin = loudNoise;
}
}
}

peakToPeak = signalMax – signalMin; // max – min = peak-peak amplitude
double volts = (peakToPeak * 3.3) / 1024; // convert to volts
Serial.println(volts); // to know if the mic is working

// digitalWrite(speakerPin, LOW);
//myservo.write(180);

//val = analogRead(potPin); // read value from the sensor
//val = val*30; // process the value a little
//val = val/2; // process the value a little

if (volts >=1.0){
for( int i=0; i<50; i++ ) { // play it for 50 cycles
for(pos = 180; pos>=0; pos-=9) // goes from 180 degrees to 0 degrees
{
myservo.write(pos); // tell servo to go to position in variable ‘pos’
delay(15); // waits 15ms for the servo to reach the position

};
delay(6000);
for(pos = 0; pos <= 180; pos += 3) // goes from 0 degrees to 180 degrees
{ // in steps of 1 degree
myservo.write(pos); // tell servo to go to position in variable ‘pos’
delay(80); // waits 15ms for the servo to reach the position
};
delay(500);
for(int j=0; j<50; j++){

digitalWrite(speakerPin, HIGH);
delayMicroseconds(800);
digitalWrite(speakerPin, LOW);
delayMicroseconds(800);
};

};
}
//if (volts >=1.0) {

// delay(2000); // for a certain amount of time (though this could be modified for more expressive behavior)
// Serial.println(“YELLING AT US”);
// }
// else {
// digitalWrite(12, LOW);
// digitalWrite(2, LOW); //not yetlling at us
// };
else {
myservo.write(0);
delay(1000);
}
};

 

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